A few nights ago I was talking to my good pal and former college teammate, Keenan “KC” Beach. He had taken some time to review my Strongman for Wrestling Training System and told me that he thought it was fantastic.
He did express to me one concern though- the low back health of his wrestlers while performing some of the exercises. Keeping your low back pain free has almost become an obsession in this country and there are tons of “fixes” that you can buy.
While I’m not looking to put out the next quick fix, I do have some opinions on the matter that I thought I’d share with you.
But before I get into them, I want to first build some credibility by showing the kind of back strength I’ve been able to develop over the years.
The video below is of my recent 305 pound paused SSB Good Morning with 70 pounds of chain added. I decided to film it exclusively for the purpose of kicking off this post. And, of course, to attract some funny comments from all the pencil necks out there about how my back is going to snap in half.
Guess what? I’ll be 27 in October and have yet to have a back injury of any kind. This past December I deadlifted an all time high 625 at about 195 pounds (you can check that out on my personal Facebook account).
I do “stupid shit” like this all the time. In fact, I actually nicknamed this exercise the “Stupid Kid” exercise a few months ago when I first started experimenting with it.
Dispelling The Myths Of Rounded Back Lifting
Before I begin this part of the post, I’d like you to watch 4 videos.
The first one is of professional MMA fighter, Tamdan “The Barn Cat” McCrory, deadlifting. Tamdan has taken A TON of heat on the Internet about his rounded back in these videos.
More than likely the people leaving comments on his YouTube videos couldn’t fight their way out of a wet paper bag.
In fact, on one of his deadlift videos I put up on Facebook, some guy commented on his technique being terrible. So I went to the guy’s Facebook page and he happened to have his best lifts listed.
His all-time best deadlift was more than 100lbs less than Tamdan’s!!
I’m sorry, but if someone is moving 100 plus pounds more than you, you have no business saying anything except “Nice lift man!”
Anyway, sorry for that rant. Here’s the video:
And here’s one of him pulling a 551 (a 100% Raw NYS record at the time).
Obviously his back rounds a bit during both pulls.
Here is Konstantin Konstantinovs pulling. He has pulled a 939 without the aid of any gear whatsoever (no belt or anything!).
He rounds his back even before he starts and he’s the best raw deadlifter in the world.
And here’s a video of some high level Strongmen lifting stones.
Rounding your back before lifting a stone is a necessity in order to get into the proper starting position.
The comments left for this video are praising the men as opposed to the comments left on Tamdan’s saying he’s going to kill himself.
Why is it that when you round your back with a barbell all of a sudden it’s going to kill you, but when you do it with a stone (or another man, in the case of Karelin video below) it’s ok and even encouraged!?
Finally, here’s a quick video of the greatest Greco-Roman wrestler of all time doing what he does best. Look at his rounded back as he’s lifting his opponents. Not only is it rounded, but he’s having to stabilize against a very unstable opponents doing whatever they can to get out.
Now that you’ve watched the videos, think to yourself- how many times in a match do you round your back?
Do you come out alive and without injury?
I’m not here to start some movement in favor of rounded back lifting.
However, I am here to say that a little here and there certainly won’t hurt you once you’ve built a strong back and core. In fact, it will probably help prepare you for the different scenarios you’re going to have to deal with on the mat, so long as it’s done correctly…
Why/When Rounded Back Lifting Is Ok
I’d now like to go into detail about why the rounded back lifting shown in the above videos, is in my opinion, ok.
Whenever I check the form of a wrestler I’m always looking for signs of a lack of stability in their core.
Specifically what I’m looking for is any additional rounding to occur once the lift starts.
For example, when someone is squatting, once they set their core and begin to squat, I’m, among other things, looking to see if there is any additional movement in the core (ie they begin to round at the back).
When someone is lunging, I’m looking for the same thing.
And when a wrestler is deadlifting, I always look to see if there is any additional rounding once they begin the pull.
What is this additional rounding telling me?
That they are not effectively stabilizing their core.
Ultimately it’s an indication that they do not have the strength to maintain enough tension in their core to keep it stabilized. This means they are putting themselves at risk for injury.
On the other side of the coin, this is exactly why I think in all of the above videos, the athletes are not at a very high risk for a back injury (there is always a risk of injury when the core is being loaded). Each one of the athletes is effectively demonstrating stability throughout their core once they initiate the lift (ie no additional rounding is occurring once the lift begins).
This tells me they are bracing their cores effectively and, although they may not be in a picture perfect, neutral starting position, they are showing the necessary muscle tension throughout their core.
Although I can’t comment on back injuries sustained by anyone in the other videos, I can on Tamdan’s back health. For the 8 or so months that I trained Tamdan, he did not sustain any kind of back injury, nor did he ever complain of back tightness or pain after deadlifting.
I’m not trying to say that I am a proponent of training like this regularly. I just think people over-react way to much when it comes to this topic.
Anyway, I hope that helps clear up at least some questions you may have about rounded back lifting and what you should actually be on the lookout for in terms of what’s putting you at risk for a back injury.
Now, on to ways to train your body to get into and maintain a neutral back position.
Being able to effectively assess movement from the hips vs. the low back is a must if you’re looking to generate more power from your hips.
In addition, training your body to move from the hips, rather than the low back, will help keep it healthier and more resistant to injury.
So give this test below a shot and save your low back some potential pain in the future.
If you find yourself having trouble getting into an arched/neutral spine position at the bottom of a deadlift, or you collapse forward at the bottom of a squat, then I definitely suggest you try the test I talk about in the video.
From there I have a number of tricks/techniques that I use to improve movement.
If you’ve done this “test” and think you have a flexibility issue, check out these posts to get a better idea of some of the top ways I’ve helped wrestlers improve.
Positional Release For Wrestling
If you feel that your issue is more neurological, then definitely check out my Stripper Squat post. It covers a lot of details on how to implement this specific style of squatting to quickly improve your ability to move from your hips while maintaining a neutral spine.
In all honesty, I’ve found the Stripper Squat to be a great way to deal with both flexibility and neurological issues. So try those in conjunction with some of the positional releases and hamstring stretching techniques to really accelerate your progress.
The Final Piece To The Puzzle
It’s easy to overlook, but ankle mobility is an important part of low body flexibility. I’ve worked with wrestlers before who don’t respond to work on the hamstrings and hip flexors.
However, once they address their calf tightness, they’re “cured” and can finally move a lot more freely from the hips.
So I guess the pressing question today is- how can tennis help wrestlers?
Well, watch this video by Bill Hartman to get an idea.
In addition to addressing calf tightness (commonly associated with ankle mobility) with a ball, give some consideration to massaging with a Stick or Foam Roller.
If self massage is not an option, or not getting the results you’re looking for, you may want to consider hiring a professional.
How do you deal with all the gym “big guys” telling you that your rounded back back is wrong etc. As you know my son is working on his form and although rounding of back getting much better, we still have someone at least at every workout giving unsolicited advice, not always correct or applicable for what he is doing.
Some of it may be good but we are following one of your routines and lift rules so we just kinda smile and say thanks. Not all the advice we get is correct anyway.
Hey Chuck, thanks for following up man. The strength training world is an interesting one in that everyone who’s ever lifted a weight once thinks they’re an expert.
I mean I obviously do a fair amount of web related stuff, but I’ll be the first to tell you- I’m far from an expert (and I spend minimum 2-3 hours each day and sometimes up to 6-8 on improving my blog from various aspects or reading on how to improve it for the last 2+ years). I keep track of my financial records and report them via spreadsheets to my CPA for tax purposes, but I am by no means a tax expert or CPA. I know some a fair amount about construction/remodeling from work I’ve done at the gym and around the house, but I don’t call myself a contractor. Nor do I know people in these cases who do the same…
But when it comes to the weight room, if you’ve ever been there, then you’re probably an expert regardless of whether or not you’ve taken a formal class in Biomechanics, Kinesiology, Anatomy and Physiology, Neuromuscular Control, etc. like I have. And even though I’ve taken all those classes and have close to 10 years of training experience, I still don’t consider myself an expert!
Sorry to get a bit off topic, but this situation can sometimes get me going. I think the best way to handle it is the way you are. Just be polite, say thanks, and go about your training.
If you haven’t read it, here’s a mini rant on the whole rounding the low back situation I wrote a while back- Low Back Strength- Dispelling The Myths.
Quick side question- are you on my email list? If so, I’m emailing everyone this week sometime once I “publish” the post I’m working on about core strength which is centered around the issues your son is dealing with.
Thanks again for the comment. Hope this helps, and if not leave me some more questions and I’ll get back to you.
It’s interesting to see just how rounded you got your T-spine. I just went through a westside seminar( put on by Laura and Shane Sweatt) and they emphasize rounding theT-spine and pulling off of the floor (deadlift) with the abs to initialize the movement. I can’t even get my back to do that lol. My background is on oly lifts though and tht is a major no no for them so I can’t undo 20 years of training.
Anyway my whole point is there is much confusion about what is suppose to round and what isn’t. The bottom line is keep the natural curves in the spine…lumbar is slightly lordotic an thoracic is slightly kyphotic this, biomechaniclly speaking, actually makes T-spine rounding (to an extent) better for spinal health.
Helluva lift, I just started doing heavy good mornings (measly 225 x 3 lol) and after 3 epidurals and a herniated disk 10 years ago my back has never felt this strong since before my disk problems. I don’t round my back though.
Hey Shawn, I’m going through my old posts and adding additional info to them and saw I never got back to you after you left me this comment. So thanks for the comment and sorry for the half a year delay in getting back to you. It’s great to hear your back is benefiting from Good Mornings. I too usually keep my back arched when doing them, however, every now and again I’ll do the rounded back variation.
You’re right on with keeping the natural curves in the spine, although I think my example may take it a little too far, lol.
I’ve actually started deadlifting again recently (I typically don’t deadlift when training for fights because it is usually too exhausting for me, or I’m too exhausted from training to really put forth a decent effort pulling) and have really tried to focus on rounding my T-spine prior to pulling.
A few years ago when I went to a seminar at the EliteFTS gym a few guys covered this as being the most efficient way to deadlift and so far I feel like it’s working out pretty well for me.